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  • 日本IGCP活動報告2010
  • IGCPの目的
  • IGCP国内委員会
  • IGCPニュース2012
  • IGCP本部
  • IGCP国内委員会
  • 日本IGCP国内委員会の構成
  • 現在日本がLeadershipをとっているプロジェクト
  • 現在日本で活動しているプロジェクト
  • 2011年(平成23年)度の日本の活動
  • 新しいプロジェクト
  • 新規プロジェクトの提案
  • 御質問等お問い合わせ先
  • Japan National Committee for IGCP
  • Japan National Committee for IGCP
  • National Participation in IGCP projects

IGCPニュース2010

1.IGCP本部

第40回IGCP科学理事会は、平成24年2月21日~24日(4日間)にパリのユネスコ本部で開催された。IGCP科学理事会は、ユネスコ生態・地球科学部門が中心となって、ユネスコ(UNESCO)と国際地質科学連合(IUGS)が「社会に貢献する地球科学」を目指して推進している地質科学国際研究計画(IGCP)について、進行中のプロジェクトから提出された報告書に基づき活動の評価を行い次年度のプロジェクト予算を決定するとともに、新規申請プロジェクトの採否を決定することを中心に、毎年一回2月に3日間ユネスコ本部で開催されてきた。IGCP国内委員会の委員長が出席を求められるのは、最終日のオープンセッションのみであり、理事会の審議結果について報告を受けるとともに、委員長は国内委員会の活動報告などを行ってきた。

今年はIGCPが創設40周年を迎えたことから、その記念行事が会期中の2月22日に開催されることとなり、IGCP科学理事会はその後に、またオープンセッションはその前日に開催されることに変更された。急な日程変更のため、オープンセッションには参加できなかったので、以下の報告はユネスコ日本政府代表部の出席者の報告をもとに作成したものである。

(1)歓迎の挨拶として、イシュラワンユネスコ生態地球科学部長からは国連とユネスコの連携にふれた挨拶、リッカルディIUGS(国際地質科学連合)会長からはユネスコとIUGSの国際共同プロジェクトであるIGCPの40年間の成果・成功と人類への貢献に言及した挨拶、IGCP議長を務めてきたミソッテン氏の退任挨拶があった。
(2)IGCP事務局からの報告
(3)IGCP国内委員会報告(日本からは、国内委員会委員長が交代するので、これまでの支援への感謝と40周年を機にIGCPがさらなる発展を遂げることへの期待を含む国内委の報告をすることにしていたができなかったので、後日書面を事務局に送付した。)
(4)オーストラリアのブリスベーンで開催される第34回万国地質会議について

以上の審議の中で、①IGCPは1972年の創設以来、約150カ国が参加して、これまで335のプロジェクトを実施し、成功裏に40周年を向かえることができたこと、②IGCPは国連機関と協力関係を持つ唯一のプロジェクトであり、今後も事業の質を確保することが重要であること、③現在、「資源」、「地球の変化と生命の進化」、「地質災害」、「水」、「地球深部」の5つの主テーマの基に新規プロジェクトを募集し活動していること、④これまで事業経費はユネスコとIUGSが拠出してきたが、近年中国やスウェーデン(Swedish International Development and Cooperation Agency)からの寄与が加わったこと、⑤しかし、依然として財政的に苦しい状況であること、⑥プロジェクト・リーダーは予算がシードマネーであることを理解し、草の根の活動を続ける必要があること、⑦財政が厳しい中でいかに事業を効率的に運営するかは、チームリーダーの手腕にかかること、などが強調された。なお、IGCPの運営委員会メンバーとして、日本から「地球の変化と生命の進化」テーマグループに堀 利栄氏(愛媛大)が参加している。

2月22日に開催された40周年記念式典は、ユネスコ事務局長、IUGS会長、IGCP議長などの挨拶に続き、“The Geoscience Challenges for the Planet”及び“IGCP and other Earth Science global programmes”と題する二つのパネルディスカッションが企画され、IGCPはユネスコの中で最も成功したプロジェクトであるが、その成果を受けて今後さらに何にチャレンジし、その解決のために何をなすべきか活発な意見交換がなされた。また、“Relevance of IGCP”と題してIGCPの歴史及び5つのテーマの代表者による成果と今後の見通しに関する講演があり、国際協働のもと最先端の地球科学研究を推進しながらその成果の普及に務め、持続可能な社会を実現するとともに、発展途上国の生活や学術面の向上に寄与することが重要であるという共通認識が得られた。とくに地球システムへの理解と自然災害軽減への取組、女性地球科学者の支援、ジオパーク活動の推進などの活動が今後鍵となる。

次回IGCP科学理事会は、2013年2月中旬に開催される予定である。

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2.IGCP国内委員会(地球惑星科学委員会IUGS分科会IGCP小委員会)

平成23年度は、平成23年9月26日に第21期第4回を、平成24年2月25日に第22期第1回の定例の委員会を日本学術会議で開催した。本報告は第21期まで委員長を務めた波田が行うこととなった。波田はIGCP日本国内委員会委員長を退任したが、1985年からIGCPに関わり、3つのプロジェクトのコ・リーダーやリーダーなどを務め、1993年からは国内委の代表幹事、2006年からは土 隆一氏を継いで委員長を務め、2003年から本年まで本部理事会にも参加してきた。その間の各方面からのご支援に、この場をお借りして心からお礼を申し上げます。第22期からの委員長に選任された平野弘道氏(早稲田大)のもと、日本のIGCP活動がジオパーク活動などとも連携しながら、国際的役割を果たしていくことを願っています。

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3.日本IGCP国内委員会の構成

委員長
波田重煕(ユネスコ国内委)(平成23年9月まで)
平野弘道(平成23年10月から)
幹事
斎藤文紀(産総研)
委員 平成23年9月まで
平野弘道(434)
後藤正敏(491)
坂井 卓(507)
久田健一郎(516)
金尾政紀(559及び極地研)
吾妻 崇(567)
多田隆治(581)
委員 平成23年10月から
金尾政紀(559及び極地研)
吾妻 崇(567)
多田隆治(581)
川村喜一郎(585)
澤井祐紀(588)

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4.現在日本がLeadershipをとっているプロジェクト

No.581: Evolution of Asian River System: Linking to Cenozoic Tectonics, Climate and Global Geochemical Cycles (2009-2014)
Co-Leader:多田隆治

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5.現在日本で活動しているプロジェクト

No.559:
Crustal Architecture and Images-Structural controls on landscapes, resources and hazards (2008-2012)
National Working Group Leader:金尾政紀
No.567:
Earthquake Archaeology: Archaeoseismology along the Alpine-Himalayan seismic zone (2006-2010)
National Working Group Leader:吾妻崇
No.581:
上掲
No.585:
Earth’s continental MARgins: aSsessing the geoHAzard from submarine Landslides (E-MARSHAL) (2010–2014)
National Working Group Leader:川村喜一郎
No.588:
Preparing for coastal change. A detailed process-response framework for coastal change at different timescales (2010–2014)
National Working Group Leader:澤井祐紀

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6.2011年(平成23年)度の日本の活動

(昨年から邦文の活動報告書を作成しないこととなったので、以下にユネスコに提出した英文報告書の一部を掲載する。詳しくは、IGCP国内委員会のホームページをご参照ください。)

IGCP-507: Paleoclimates of the Cretaceous in Asia (2006–2010)

International meetings including IGCP507 international symposium in Beijing and domestic meeting of academic societies acted as major opportunity of presentations for their topic. We do not have a domestic meeting of IGCP507 in Japan. Members are also active to publish their results on international journals. In addition, three joint researches that supported by “JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (Abroad survey)” were proceeded successfully. Prof. H. Ando proposed new IGCP project that will follow after IGCP507 and submitted the application to UNESCO in October. Some members also contributed as science advisory boards of newly selected Japanese Geoparks (Hakusan-Tedorigawa Geopark and North Ibaraki Geopark) that help outreach of our project. Large special exhibitions of Cretaceous dinosaurs were successfully done by National Science Museum and Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum to which some of our members belong.

Japanese members participated four domestic meetings during 2011. Annual meeting of the Palaeontological Society of Japan was held July 1-3 at Kanazawa, hosted by Kanazawa University staffs including T. Hasegawa of primary member of IGCP507. He presented his contributions of international correlation of Cretaceous system between Japan and US or Europe as a special lecture. Other members including Japan-Mongolia international joint research group described below presented their results about Cretaceous paleontology at this meeting. Stratigraphy of the Yezo Group using carbon isotope stratigraphy was also presented by two groups.

The Geological Society of Japan is one of the most important societies for the Japanese IGCP 507 members. It was held September 9-11 at Mito, hosted by faculties of Ibaraki University including H. Ando, a primary member of IGCP507. H. Ando organized a geological excursion that visited Cretaceous strata along Pacific coast of Ibaraki region as a post-meeting excursion. It was a region suffered by the Tsunami at March 11 after the shock of M9 earthquake.

Japan Geoscience Union, Annual Meeting 2011 held at Chiba was also an important opportunity for Japanese members for presenting their results. Some members also presented their researches at the annual meeting of Sedimentological Society of Japan.

Japan-China joint research and Japan and Mongolia joint research also took a step forward.

IGCP-559: Crustal Architecture and Images – Structural controls on landscapes, resources and hazards (2008–2012)

The IGCP-559 project focuses on that part of planet Earth that has the most significance for the world’s communities, namely the Earth’s crust and upper mantle. The project makes available to communities-at-large a wealth of information and seismic imaging that is commonly only available to research workers but yet has a profound effect on how we think of the landscapes, natural environments and their controlling geological processes and tectonic influences. This information allows an understanding of crustal architecture and tectonic processes that is fundamental to any appreciation and understanding of landscapes, surface geology and natural hazards at a local, regional and global scale.

IGCP-559 and Geoscience Australia organized the14th International Symposium on Deep Seismic Probing of the Continents and Their Margins (SEISMIX-14), on 29th August - 3rd September in 2010, Cairns, Australia. IGCP-559 sponsored a special session on “Classis Transects” at the SEISMIX symposium. The Proceeding Volume the conference has been prepared as the special issue on “Tectonophysics”, and will be published within 2012. Several major topics on crustal architecture and images, structural controls on landscapes, resources and hazards are included in this volume. The sessions organized by IGCP-559 are also conducted at IUGG general assembly meeting on July 2011, Melbourne, Australia.

Several striking results involving the structure and evolution of the continents composing the ancient Gondwanaland including Antarctica were published in many international journals with significant multi-national collaborators. Target oriented DSS in several specified area, as well the widely distributed broadband seismic arrays across the continents have revealed the excellent architecture of the crystalline crust and clear images of the underlying upper mantle. The most remarkable points are an accumulation of the legacy from a sufficient number of stations distributing composing the regional network, together with archived precious data-set retrieved from the International Polar Year program.

As activities planned in 2012 are as follows;

The IGCP-559 project will continue to develop the web site started by IGCP-474 that gives ready access to information on crustal architecture principally determined by seismic methods. The project will also sponsor and support symposia focused on deep seismic profiling and imaging techniques aimed at further enhancing our knowledge of crustal architecture around the world.

The “15th international symposium on ‘Deep Seismic Profiling of the Continents and their Margins; SEISMIX-15” conference will be held at China in 2012, with joint organizations of IGCP-559, the National Nature Science Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and other organizations. The website www.earthscrust.org.cn is established with supports from IGCP-559. The SEISMIX-15 will be held from 16th to 25th September 2012, in Beijing, followed by the post-symposium excursion to Sichuan with disastrous Wenchuan Earthquake and Three Georges will be planned. The IGCP-559 is also looking at providing some advance support to some sessions within the 34th IGC conference in 2012, Brisbane, Australia. IGCP-559 will be a sponsor for a session on Crustal Architecture and Images: structural controls on landscapes, resources and hazards. Coordinators of the session to be selected from IGCP-559 working group members. A symposium joint with the other science bodies (African Geophysical Meeting, IASPEI and AOGS) are planned in future.

The IGCP-559 working group is aiming to make advance for several topics regarding future plan including outreach activities. A significance of cooperation with UNESCO, as well as the other geo-science bodies could be taken into consideration for future tasks of the working group. Participation from countries on Africa and South America is mostly expected to achieve global viewpoint in continental studies. It is also considered about the utilization of web-based mapping software and database portals (Google Earth, GIS, metadata portals, SEG-Y data format, geological map, linkages with BSA). As for the Classic Transect program, majority of the data from Australia and Russia have been compiled but the contribution from the other nations is relatively small, then it is recommended to gather the data from involved countries.

IGCP-567: Earthquake Seismology: Archaeoseismology along the Alpine-Himalayan seismic zone (2008–2012)

We will progress the knowledge on the palaeoearthquakes by using the seismic damage in the archaeological relics same as the evidence in the geological method. Through this project, four workshops will be held at the archaeological sites in the Dead Sea Region, Greece, Iran and India. Japanese working group will compile the huge numbers of archaeoseismological data in Japan and will introduce them and results of study to the other countries.

We joined to the XVIII INQUA Congress in Bern, Switzerland and opened a session on “Paleoseismology, megacities, and critical infrastructures”.

International Symposium on the 2001 Bhuj Earthquake and Advances in Earthquake Science was held at the Institute of Seismological Research in Gandhinagar (Gujarat, India) from 22nd to 27th January 2011. The scope of this international symposium is to provide a platform to scientists from different countries to exchange their ideas and experiences in seismology in all its dimensions. The main themes of discussion will be studies on the Bhuj earthquake, intraplate seismicity, seismic microzonation. Other sessions will concern structures, tectonics, earthquake ground motion, damaging earthquakes, tsunami, seismic designing of nuclear power plants and structural knowledge derived from oil exploration. No Japanese participants were there, unfortunately.

There was a business meeting during the XVIII INQUA Congress in July-August, 2011 in Bern, Switzerland.

2nd INQUA-IGCP567 International Workshop on Active Tectonics, Earthquake Geology, Archaeology and Engineering was taken place from 19 to 24, September 2011 in Corinth, Greece. This workshop was organized by Ioannis D. Papanikolaou (University of Athens, Greece), Klaus Reicherter (RWTH Aachen, Germany), Andreas Vott (University of Mainz, Germany) and Pablo G. Silva (Universidad de Salamanca, Spain). One researcher attended to this workshop from Japan and he made a presentation on the outline of the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake.

Activities planned in 2012 are as follows;

Thematic Session of “Natural hazards and ancient societies” will be held in the 34th International Geological Congress (IGC) in Brisbane, Australia, from 2nd to 10th, August 2012. Convenors of this session are Patrick Nunn (Australia), Bruce McFadgen (New Zealand), Iain Stewart (U.K.) and Manuel Sintubin (Belgium). This session addresses multidisciplinary approaches to understanding natural hazards and human culture change during recent millennia. Key hazards are tectonic in origin (earthquakes, tsunamis, and volcanic eruptions) but other extreme natural phenomena are relevant. Understanding how natural hazards affected former societies can extend our knowledge about the resilience and adaptability of modern human communities to future hazard threats.

IGCP-585: Earth’s continental MARgins: aSsessing the geoHAzard from submarine Landslides (E-MARSHAL) (2010–2014)

The aims of the project are: 1) Strengthen cooperation with deep subsurface sampling and monitoring programmes and eventually lobby within these programmes to create awareness into the topic of submarine slope failures that might lead to drilling and/or monitoring proposals being funded. 2) Provide a lobbying platform for E-MARSHAL members to national and international funding agencies to fund scientific projects in this research topic. 3) Promoting the publication of scientific articles and books on this submarine geohazard that contribute to the following societally relevant problems. 4) Identification of the causes of submarine landslides and their consequences. 5) Provide advice on mitigating their impacts. 6) Provide data (frequency, magnitude) that allow probabilistic approaches to the geohazard from submarine landslides and therefore a better management of the seafloor and coastal areas. 7) Promote events that enhance the exchange of results and scientific ideas on the problems above. 8) Provide knowledge transfer to developing countries

Improve the links between academia, industry and public administrations in order to create partnerships to address the topic of geohazards from submarine landslides and to develop methods for transferring knowledge to end-users.

Two scientific sessions were proposed during the 11th International Symposium on Landslides (ISL) in Banff, Canada and during 2011 EGU in Vienna, Austria. One international symposium was held in Kyoto, Japan. We have 136 participants from 16 countries in this symposium.

Activities planned in 2012 are as follows;

The IGCP-585 plans to have a scientific session at 2012 EGU in Vienna, Austria during 22-27 April and the 34th International Geological Congress in Brisbane, Australia during 5-10 August, 2012.

IGCP-588: Preparing for coastal change. A detailed process-response framework for coastal change at different timescales (2010–2014)

This project focuses on the impact of humans on coastal landscapes at different timeframes. The project comprises three themes; (1) Catastrophic events, (2) Sea-level "fingerprints" and their implications for future coastal change, and (3) Sea-level changes over geological timeframes - investigating the role of humans. The aim of this project is to not only examine the past and present coastal dynamics and evolution, but to also incorporate predictive modeling of the coastal response to changing climates, anthropogenic impacts and natural hazards.

On 11th March 2011, an earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tohoku occurred and a tsunami devastated the shores of Japan. About 300 researchers among over 60 different institutes/universities conducted a joint research group for measurement of tsunami heights after the tsunami. All the measured points, at over 5,000 in total, were compiled and then displayed on the web (http://www.coastal.jp/tsunami2011/). In the urgent field survey, we also described lithostratigraphy, thickness, changes in grain size, biostratigraphy (micro and macro fossils) of tsunami deposit to provide archives helping future interpretation of past-tsunami deposits.

Two scientific sessions were proposed during the XVIII INQUA Congress in Bern, Switzerland. In the two sessions, three and seven Japanese researchers provided oral (two of them were invited) and poster presentations, respectively. There was no participants for an annual business meeting in Bangkok held between 28th November and 3rd December.

TActivities planned in 2012 are as follows;

The IGCP-588 plans to have a business meeting in Kiel, Germany, from September 5th to 10th including a 3-day field trip to Sylt-Island. Other related scientific meetings are proposed during the 34th International Geological Congress in Brisbane, Australia.

7.新しいプロジェクト

平成24 年2月21日~24日(4日間)にパリのユネスコ本部で開催された第40回IGCP科学理事会で、新規に2012年からスタートするプロジェクトとして5が選定された。5つのプロジェクト名、プロジェクト・リーダー及び連絡先は、以下の通りである。

No. 589: DEVELOPMENT OF THE ASIAN TETHYAN REALM
PROJECT LEADERS: Xiaochi Jin (China), Katsumi Ueno (Japan), Graciano Yumul JR. (Philippines), Pol Chaodumrong (Thailand)
CONTACT DETAILS: Prof. Dr. Xiaochi Jin, Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, 26 Baiwanzhuang Road, Beijing 100037, P. R. China
E-mail: jinxchi@cags.ac.cn ; jinxchi@sina.com
No. 592: CONTINENTAL CONSTRUCTION IN CENTRAL ASIA
PPROJECT LEADERS: Inna Safonova (Russia), Reimar Seltmann (UK), Min Sun (China)
CONTACT DETAILS: Dr. Inna Safonova, Senior research scientist / Brain Pool Program Researcher, V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy SB RAS, Koptyuga ave. 3, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia
E-mail: inna03‐64@mail.ru ; inna@igm.nsc.ru
No. 616: TECTONIC, PALEOCLIMATIC, LANDSCAPE EVOLUTION OF CENTRAL AFRICA
(SPONSORED BY THE SWEDISH INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION AGENCY)
PROJECT LEADERS: Boniface Kankeu (Cameroon), R.O. Greiling (Germany), Jurgen Runge (Germany)
CONTACT DETAILS: Dr Boniface Kankeu, Institut for Geological and Mining Research (IRGM), BP 4110, Yaoundé, Cameroon
E-mail: bonifacekankeu@yahoo.fr
No. 618: PALEOCLIMATE INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM PAST‐RECHARGED GROUNDWATER
PROJECT LEADERS: Oceania: Dioni I. Cendón (Australia)
Asia: Jianyao Chen (China)
North America: Jason J. Gurdak (USA)
South America: Ofelia Tujchneider (Argentina)
Europe: Sylvi Haldorsen (Norway), Ir. M.J. (Martine) van der Ploeg (TheNetherlands),
Rein Vaikmäe (Estonia), Roland Purtschert (Switzerland)
Africa: Najiba Chkir Ben Jemâa (Tunisia)
CONTACT DETAILS: Dr. Dioni I. Cendón, Senior Research Scientist, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization (ANSTO), Locked Bag 2001, Kirrawee DC, NSW 2232, Australia
No. 619: CONTOURITES: PROCESSES & PRODUCTS
PROJECT LEADERS: Dorrik A.V. Stow (UK), David Van Rooij (Belgium), Francisco‐Javier Hernández‐Molina(Spain), Michele Rebesco (Italy), Pere Puig (Spain), Antje Voelker (Portugal), Adriano Viana (Brazil)
CONTACT DETAILS: Prof. Dr. Dorrik A.V. Stow, Heriot‐Watt University, Institute of Petroleum Engineering, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, Scotland, United Kingdom
E-mail: dorrik.stow@pet.hw.ac.uk

今回、久しぶりに日本から新規プロジェクトが提案されたが、残念ながら選定されませんでした。今年度の再チャレンジを期待しています。以上の結果、現行のプロジェクトは、O.E.T.(期間延長)1とYoung Scientists Projectの1を含めて計25に新規プロジェクト5を加えて計30となる。新しいプロジェクトに参加される方及び参加を希望される方は下記にご連絡下さい。

8.新規プロジェクトの提案

新規プロジェクトの提案をお考えの方は、下記まで御連絡下さい。申請要領や申請書類は、ユネスコのホームページを御覧下さい。プロジェクトに関わる直接の連絡先は、Dr. M.Patzak (m.patzak@unesuco.org)です。毎年ユネスコの提出期限は10月15日です。なお、国内委から推薦するために、提案者にご出席戴きプロジェクトについて説明を受けるための国内委員会を、今年は9月28日に開催予定です。

9.御質問等は、下記にお寄せ下さい。

日本IGCP国内委員会幹事 斎藤文紀
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E-mail:Yoshiki.saito@aist.go.jp
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