ブックタイトル神戸女子大学家政学部紀要 第50巻

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神戸女子大学家政学部紀要 第50巻

-15 -Michiyo KANEKO, Takehiko KANEKOreduction of fat mass indirectly. Decrease of fat masswould lead to prevent sarcopenia-obesity.In the present study, we showed basic dietaryhabits in the elderly for preventing sarcopenia. Wewould like to confirm the obtained results in thisstudy by undertaking another research project withgreater number of subjects. We hope our results couldcontribute to the formation of public health policy forincreasing healthy life expectancy in the rapidly agingJapanese society.ConclusionOur study showed that intake of 180ml/dayregular milk for two months increased significantlyleucine level in serum. Fat mass, weight, bodymass percentage, and intake of cereals significantlydecreased after the intake of milk, though there was nodifference in muscle mass. Muscle protein synthesisshould be stimulated and muscle mass should increase,if the older subject’s intake more milk along withexercises. We will confirm this hypothesis in the nextstudy with greater number of subjects.AcknowledgementsWe thank the ladies and gentlemen who participatedin this study as subjects. This study was supported by aresearch grant from Japan Dairy Association (J-milk).References1) Metter, E.J., Conwit, R., Tobin, J., Fozard, J.L. :Age-associated loss of power and strength in theupper extremities in women and men. J. Gerontol.A. Biol. Sci. Med. Sci., 52(5) B267-B276 (1997)2) Dufour, A.B., Hannan, M.T., Murabito, J.M., Kiel,D.P., McLean, R.R.:Sarcopenia definitions considering body size andfat mass are associated with mobility limitations:the Framingham Study. J. Gerontol. A. Biol. Sci.Med. Sci., 68(2) 168-174 (2013)3) Moon, S.S. :Low skeletal muscle mass is associatedwith insulin resistance, diabetes, and metabolicsyndrome in the Korean population: the KoreaNational Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES) 2009-2010. Endocr. J., 61(1) 61-70(2014)4) Cleasby, M.E., Jamieson, P.M., Atherton, P.J. :Insulinresistance and sarcopenia: mechanistic linksbetween common co-morbidities. J. Endocrinol.,229(2) R67-81 (2016)5) Jeremy, D.W. :Sarcopenia in older adults. Curr.Opin. Rheumatol., 24(6) 623?627 (2012)6) Stenholm, S., Harris, T.B., Rantanen, T., Visser,M., Kritchevsky, S.B., et al. :Sarcopenic obesitydefinition,etiology and consequences. Curr. Opin.Clin. Nutr. Metab. Care., 11(6) 693?700 (2008)7) N a r i c i , M .V. , M a f f u l l i , N . : S a r c o p e n i a :characteristics, mechanisms and functionalsignificance. Br. Med. Bull. Br. Med. Bull., 95 139-159 (2010)8) Theou, O., Stathokostas, L., Roland, K.P., Jakobi,J.M., Patterson, C., et al.:The effectiveness of exercise interventions forthe management of frailty: a systematic review. J.Aging. Res., 2011 Article ID 569194 (2011)9) Shad, B.J., Thompson, J.L., Breen, L. :Does themuscle protein synthetic response to exerciseand amino acid-based nutrition diminish withadvancing age?A systematic review. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol.Metab., 311(5) E803-E817 (2016)10)Witard, O.C., McGlory, C., Hamilton, D.L., Phillips,S.M. :Growing older with health and vitality: anexus of physical activity, exercise and nutrition.Biogerontology 17(3) 529-546 (2016)11)Howatson, G., Hoad, M., Goodall, S., Tallent, J.,Bell, P.G., et al. :Exercise-induced muscle damageis reduced in resistance-trainedmales by branchedchain amino acids: a randomized, double-blind,placebo controlled study. J. Int. Soc. Sports. Nutr.,9 20 (2012)12)Kim, D.H., Kim, S.H., Jeong, W.S., Lee, H.Y. :Effectof BCAA intake during endurance exercises onfatigue substances, muscle damage substances, andenergy metabolism substances. J. Exerc. Nutrition.Biochem., 17(4) 169?180 (2013)13)Murakami, K., Sasaki, S., Takahashi, Y., Okubo, H.,Hirota, N., et al.:Reproducibility and relative validity of dietaryglycaemic index andload assessed with a selfadministereddiet-history questionnaire in Japaneseadults. Br. J. Nutr., 99(3) 639-648 (2008)14)Kobayashi, S., Murakami, K., Sasaki, S., Okubo, H.,